Numbers of Helmeted hornbill have crash down in past recent years due as a demand soar for the so called “red ivory”. The value of hornbill helmets in china are 5 times the price of elephant’s ivory. The increasing demand comes from china for the use in traditional medicines or to make an artifact.
The helmeted hornbill is the largest hornbill species in Asia and it is habitat in tropical forests in Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia and Myanmar.But due illegal trade as well as deforestation of the natural habitation of this species its diminishing their counts.However, This species is listed under endangered ones by IUCN.
Due to its tremendous demand and high price it has come under endangered species list. A single casque is sold for approx $1000 ,it has a nick named as red ivory before carved .The casque is made of solid keratin same as rhino horn and its valued high as its easy to carve .It is slightly softer than the elephants ivory ,hence used to make decorative ornaments ,artifacts which are then sold as status symbol.
“They are quite large birds, the males can reach just over 3kg so they are quite easy to shoot,” said Sophie Adwick from the Zoological Society of London.
“It’s often said that you can hear them before you can see them as they make a cackling type noise.”
In 2013, it was estimated that up to 500 birds were being killed every month in West Borneo for their bills,
As the killing has also adversely affected their breeding .The birds has very unique process of breeding ,female builds the nest in hollow trees and male seal them by using mud. Male brings food and feed them through a slit in the mud seal. The breeding duration lasts for 160 days. While the males are out in the forest for food, they are likely to get shot, resulting in death of the female and chicks due to insufficient food.
However the trade is illegal under the convention on international trade and also associated with Indonesian law of trafficking of hornbills or any of their parts. The culprit found with any of parts will be penalized for fine of $10,000 and under custody for five years.
Peace deal was signed last week by President Juan Manuel Santos and farc leader Timoleon Jimenez after the negotiations of 4 years. But it had to be introduced only after the Colombians consent.
The ratio of voting for peace deal was 50.2% against it and 49.8% in favor, led a difference of 63000 votes out of 13 million polls.
Former President Alvaro Uribe, who headed the “no” campaign, said all Colombians wanted peace, but that the deal needed “corrections”.
The government had a hope that agreement of peace would have been a drastic change towards the nation. This voting was no doubt an important survey in Colombian history .The rejection was due to the fear of concessions and favors made to guerillas.
Communicating on television just after declaring result, President Santos said that a previously announced ceasefire will hold and that President Santos said that a previously announced ceasefire will hold and that both sides would meet in the Cuban capital, Havana, to decide on a way forward. There’s also a positive indication across the Colombia to end the five decade violence.
Focusing the nation, President Santos said he accepted the result but would continue working to achieve peace.”I won’t give up,” he said. “I’ll continue the search for peace until the last moment of my authorization, as that’s the way to leave a better country to our children.”
Meanwhile the Farc chief, known as Timochenko, said the group will stick with commitment on securing an end to the war.
However, the overall peace process is covered by improbability.
The EU (European Union) member states must brace for the U.S. tariffs on many fronts in the months beforehand, a senior German executive cautioned; just a few hours in advance Washington launched an investigation of a proposed French digital tax that can set off future tariffs. Peter Beyer—Germany’s Member of Parliament and Transatlantic Coordinator—stated that while there was persisted US interest in coordination with Europe, the Trump government nonetheless seemed poised to enforce tariffs over arguments regarding aircraft subsidies, European car imports and the Nordstream 2 gas pipeline. In May, the U.S. President Donald Trump asserted that some of the imported vehicles and parts raised a national security fear, but postponed a verdict on imposing taxes on Japanese and European auto imports for as long as 6 Months to facilitate time for trade discussions with both partners.
European executives have said confidentially that they fear that Trump would now turn his focus to Europe, after intermediary a pact in a protracted trade spat with China. Trump in recent time ordered an investigation to find out whether France’s proposed 3% tariff on the French income of large internet firms was unfairly aiming some of the U.S.-based companies. Prior investigations aimed at the EU subsidies on huge commercial aircraft and China’s trade practices.
On a similar note, earlier, the U.S. threatened with new tariffs on the EU products worth of $4 Billion. The U.S. is strengthening its trade fight with the EU over aircraft subsidies, planning new tariffs on the EU goods valued $4 Billion. The tariffs—which were announced in recent time by the USTR (United States Trade Representative)—covered 89 products counting pasta, fruits, meat, cheese, coffee, and whiskey. They can be added to a record of the EU exports of worth $21 Billion that the USTR reported in April will be subject to tariffs.